Someday we’ll be able to give children a genetic test for cognitive ability before they even enter school. How do I know this? A team of researchers have identified the genes for cognitive ability. This is not exactly the same as intelligence. We define cognitive ability as our capacity to learn, plan, reason, make decisions, and remember. Once you reach adulthood, your IQ is fixed. While your cognitive ability can still improve through training.
Sometimes known as fluid intelligence, cognitive ability is all of the skills needed to succeed in school and advance in one’s career. It’s really considered how well we react when we encounter new information or novel situations. Though we have a good grasp on what it is, finding where it emanates from on the biological side has proven challenging.
Researchers have known for a few years now what genes influence intelligence. In a 2012 study, 20 genetic variants …