Increasing honesty in humans with noninvasive brain stimulation
Dishonest behavior is pervasive and carries important economic and societal consequences (1 ? ? ? ?–6). For example, illegal tax evasion is thought to account for over 5% of the world’s gross domestic product (7), and total bribes to public officials are estimated at over US $1 trillion annually (8). Furthermore, recent business scandals such as the Volkswagen emission fabrications and several interest rate manipulations in the financial industry have eroded trust in the integrity of the corporate world (5). Although there are formal laws and regulations to limit cheating, honest behavior is often difficult or impossible to monitor …
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